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2015年とその先の未来へ[2012年07月17日(Tue)]
20120717.jpg

国連持続可能な開発会議:通称リオ+20が終わり、今後の具体的な取り組みに関する議論が進められつつあります。

リオ+20の成果の一つとして、SDGs(持続可能な開発の目標)の制定に向けたプロセスが開始されることが決まりました(ご参考まで:外務省がとりまとめたリオ+20成果文書の概要はこちらからご覧いただけます)。

現在世界には「2015年までに世界の貧困を半減させること」などを目指すMDGs(ミレニアム開発目標)と呼ばれる目標が存在しています。 MDGsの達成目標年である2015年以降の開発目標をどのように定め課題解決に向けた取り組みを推進していくか。MDGsに取り組む人たちの間では既に「ポストMDGs」の議論がはじまっています。

これから始まるSDGs制定の議論の背景には、持続可能性の問題に取り組むためには先進国側も消費と生産パターンの見直しなどを含めた責任を追うべきだ、という途上国側からの主張もありました。国際的な開発目標というと遠い世界のことのように思われがちですが、私たち日本人の生活を支える食料や資源の多くは海外からの輸入に頼っており、私たちの消費スタイルがそれらにどのような影響をおよぼしているのかということについては、実はあまり意識されていないように思います。

リオ+20そのものはあまり注目されなかったかもしれませんが、地球規模の課題が山積する中、今後世界がどのような方向性に向けて進もうとしているのか、足元から振り返ることが大切です。

SDGsは2015年以降の国連開発課題に整合的なものとして統合されることが合意されています。これからの目標づくりが今後はこれらの議論がどのように整理されてゆくのか。MDGsについての学びを深めながら考えてゆけたらと考えています。

写真は皇居にて。
2012.7.17。ポストMDGsに向けての外務省とNGOの意見交換会が開催されました。

参考:
リオ+20におけるSDGsの議論について(JACSES小野田さん報告資料20120707
動く→動かす- もう一歩、貧困のない世界へ
JANIC(国際協力NGOセンター)MDGs2015キャンペーン(キャンペーン自体は2012年3月末で終了)
Sustainable development goals:
245. We underscore that the Millennium Development Goals are a useful tool in
focusing achievement of specific development gains as part of a broad development
vision and framework for the development activities of the United Nations, for
national priority-setting and for mobilization of stakeholders and resources towards
common goals. We therefore remain firmly committed to their full and timely
achievement.
246. We recognize that the development of goals could also be useful for pursuing
focused and coherent action on sustainable development. We further recognize the
importance and utility of a set of sustainable development goals, based on Agenda
21 and the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation, which fully respect all the Rio
Principles, taking into account different national circumstances, capacities and
priorities, are consistent with international law, build upon commitments already
made, and contribute to the full implementation of the outcomes of all major
summits in the economic, social and environmental fields, including the present
outcome document. The goals should address and incorporate in a balanced way all
three dimensions of sustainable development and their interlinkages. They should be
coherent with and integrated into the United Nations development agenda beyond
2015, thus contributing to the achievement of sustainable development and serving
as a driver for implementation and mainstreaming of sustainable development in the
United Nations system as a whole. The development of these goals should not divert
focus or effort from the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.
247. We also underscore that sustainable development goals should be actionoriented,
concise and easy to communicate, limited in number, aspirational, global
in nature and universally applicable to all countries while taking into account
different national realities, capacities and levels of development and respecting
national policies and priorities. We also recognize that the goals should address and
be focused on priority areas for the achievement of sustainable development, being
guided by the present outcome document. Governments should drive
implementation with the active involvement of all relevant stakeholders, as
appropriate.
248. We resolve to establish an inclusive and transparent intergovernmental process
on sustainable development goals that is open to all stakeholders, with a view to
developing global sustainable development goals to be agreed by the General
Assembly. An open working group shall be constituted no later than at the opening
of the sixty-seventh session of the Assembly and shall comprise 30 representatives,
nominated by Member States from the five United Nations regional groups, with the
aim of achieving fair, equitable and balanced geographic representation. At the
outset, this open working group will decide on its methods of work, including
developing modalities to ensure the full involvement of relevant stakeholders and
expertise from civil society, the scientific community and the United Nations system
in its work, in order to provide a diversity of perspectives and experience. It will
submit a report, to the sixty-eighth session of the Assembly, containing a proposal
for sustainable development goals for consideration and appropriate action.
249. The process needs to be coordinated and coherent with the processes to
consider the post-2015 development agenda. The initial input to the work of the
working group will be provided by the Secretary-General, in consultation with
national Governments. In order to provide technical support to the process and to
the work of the working group, we request the Secretary-General to ensure all
necessary input and support to this work from the United Nations system, including
through establishing an inter-agency technical support team and expert panels, as
needed, drawing on all relevant expert advice. Reports on the progress of work will
be made regularly to the General Assembly.
250. We recognize that progress towards the achievement of the goals needs to be
assessed and accompanied by targets and indicators, while taking into account
different national circumstances, capacities and levels of development.
251. We recognize that there is a need for global, integrated and scientifically based
information on sustainable development. In this regard, we request the relevant
bodies of the United Nations system, within their respective mandates, to support
the regional economic commissions in collecting and compiling national inputs in
order to inform this global effort. We further commit to mobilizing financial
resources and capacity-building, particularly for developing countries, to achieve
this endeavour.
タグ:開発 MDGs
この記事のURL
https://blog.canpan.info/yukikazet/archive/23
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