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International Symposium Report "Challenge of Social Integration Policy" [2010年04月13日(Tue)]
International Symposium Report

Challenge of Social Integration Policy:
Searching for a New Vision and Role



This is a report of a symposium entitled “Challenge of Social Integration Policy: Searching for a New Vision and Role”, held in Tokyo in January 2010 (organized by the Sasakawa Peace Foundation). This report contains 11 articles presented by panelists at the open symposium and the closed session on Day2.

Edited and Published by the Sasakawa Peace Foundation
Published on March 2010
Language: Japanese / English


Contact
The Nippon Foundation Bldg., 4th Fl. 1-2-2, Akasaka, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan
Phone:03-6229-5443 FAX:03-6229-5473   jinkou@spf.or.jp
http://www.spf.org/e/

*Our Project Overview is available here.


Contents


1. Potentialities of Social Integration Policies in Japan
ASATO Wako
Graduate School of Letters, Kyoto University

2. Intercultural Cities: Towards a Model for Intercultural Integration
Irena GUIDIKOVA
Directorate of Culture and Cultural Heritage, Council of Europe

3. International Recruitment and Its Implications for Labour Market Integration PolicyJonathan CHALOFF
International Migration Division, Directorate for Employment, Labour and
Social Affairs, OECD

4. The Potential of Diversity Management in Government
TAMURA Taro
The Institute for Human Diversity Japan

5. Singapore’s Multiculturalism and Social Integration:
Background, Approaches and Issues

LAI Ah-Eng
Asia Research Institute, National University of Singapore

6. Domesticating Foreign Women:Realities and Challenges of Taiwan’s Social Integration Policy Towards Spousal Migrants
TSENG Yen-Fen and KOMIYA Yukiko
Dept. of Sociology, National Taiwan University

7. Social Integration Policies in South Korea
LEE Hye-Kyung
Dept. of Sociology & Media Information, Pai Chai University, South Korea

8. Integration Work by the City of Duisburg
Leyla OZMAL
Integration Affairs, City of Duisburg

9. Experiences with Foreign Workers in the Dutch Healthcare Sector
Marco BORSBOOM
ABVAKABO FNV

10. Multicultural Coexistence in Minokamo City
SAKAI Yoshimi
Lifelong Learning Division, Citizen Cooperation Department/Central Community Hall, City of Minokamo

11. A Vision for Economic Growth Strategy and Social Unity:The Roles, Limits, and Issues of Local Bodies Using the Example of Hamamatsu
HORI Hisano
Hamamatsu Foundation for International Communications and Exchanges
Handbook: The Foreign Laborer and the Social Integration Policy of Japan [2010年02月10日(Wed)]
In January 2010, The Sasakawa Peace Foundation published a handbook entitled ‘The Foreign Laborer and the Social Integration Policy of Japan’, one of the fruits of the research conducted under the ‘Global Demographic Change and Labor Migration in Asia’ project. This handbook is comprised of three chapters, ‘Changes in population composition and the labor market in Japan’, ‘International comparison of migration policy in Asia’, and ‘Social Integration and Multicultural Community Building Policies in Japanese Communities’.

Here we provide the chapter ‘Social Integration and Multicultural Community Building Policies in Japanese Communities’ in English translation. The summary and full content of the chapter are available for download in Adobe Acrobat Portable Document Format (PDF) via the link given below.
・Summary (100BK)

・Full-Content (678BK)

Copyright © The Sasakawa Peace Foundation
The Nippon Foundation Bldg., 4th Fl. 1-2-2, Akasaka, Minato-ku, Tokyo, Japan
http://www.spf.org/e/

For inquiries about the original handbook (Japanese language only), please contact us.
jinkou@spf.jp

*Our Project Overview is available here.
Project Overview 2008 [2009年01月30日(Fri)]
Demographic Change and International Labor Migration

The composition of the world population is entering an unparalleled phase of drastic change, with the birth rate falling as the population ages overall. Changes are particularly prominent in developed countries, where workers from developing countries are moving in to supplement labor shortages. Japan is among the countries most affected by the falling birth rate and ageing population, thus the question of whether or not to accept foreign workers is of great significance. Yet, the flow of workers into Japan continues unchecked despite a grave lack of investigation into the issue. According to forecasts by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, the working population of Japan will fall by about 10,700,000 by 2030 unless action is taken to promote employment. Some believe that, should this forecast prove accurate, Japan will have little choice but to take on foreign workers. However, the problems of a falling birth rate and ageing population exist also in developing countries, hence it is far from guaranteed that the flow of labor from these areas will continue.

Migration across the borders of Asian countries is commonplace, and competition is arising in securing human resources. The countries that provide a large number of workers see migration positively, viewing it as a fundamental human right. Given this active international migration, it is crucial to deepen mutual understanding with countries that supply labor if these countries are to survive and co-exist in global society.

In view of this situation, this project will examine how best to deal with these changes in population composition, and forthcoming results will be compiled into documents for policy formation. Over the next three years (FY2008-2010), SPF will aim, through this project, to produce proposals for Japanese policy regarding acceptance of foreign labor resources into Japan. In FY2008, project activities will be divided among three subcommittees, dealing with changes in population composition and the labor market, international comparison of migration policy, and multicultural coexistence and social integration, respectively. The subcommittees will research and organize information on Japanese labor policy and multicultural coexistence/social integration policy, and will investigate policies regarding migration adopted by other Asian countries.

Outline of project activities in 2008

◆Subcommittee 1   Changes in population composition and the labor market

The effect on the labor market of the drop in population size resulting from the declining birth rate and ageing population will be investigated. Taking into account the increases in productivity that occur through mechanization, greater introduction of women and senior citizens into the labor market, outsourcing overseas and other such approaches, the labor force – and thus the necessity, if any, of recruiting migrant workers from overseas – will be investigated on a region-by-region and industry-by-industry basis. In FY2008, the aim of the project will be to compile the arguments surrounding migrant workers in Japan, and prepare fundamental data that facilitate objective discussion of the population composition and changes in the labor force in Japan. The industries considered will principally be manufacturing, primary industry (agriculture, fishing), IT, nursing/caring.


◆Subcommittee 2   International comparison of migration policy

Developed countries are now attempting to bring in migrant workers to prevent the stagnation of economic activities that results from depletion of the labor force and to maintain international competitiveness. Policy for the social integration of long-term residents is also being hammered out, and in Asian countries immigration policy now revolves around the two core policies of immigration control and social integration.
Countries supplying migrant workers are now adopting enthusiastic labor sending strategies to make their workers more attractive through human resource training and other methods, thus making the migration of the labor force highly dynamic on a global scale. Yet, developing countries also face a rapidly decreasing birth rate and ageing population, thus the future of labor migration [[from these countries]] is by no means guaranteed.

In FY2008, labor distributing countries – the Philippines, Indonesia, China – and recipient countries – Korea, Taiwan – will be studied. Studies of labor sending countries will focus not only on policy outlines, but will touch upon the future of distribution from the distributing country in light of changes in population composition. Furthermore, consideration will be given to how the workers regard employment overseas. Turning the spotlight on these areas should help deepen understanding of the countries distributing labor. Studies of countries receiving labor resources will not only focus on immigration policy, but will also deal with social integration policy. Detailed reference will be made to nursing and caring, two fields that have drawn particular attention in recent years. The international comparisons conducted will not stop at a simple comparison of systems used in various countries, but will also look at discrepancies between the system and the actual state of affairs in the country, as well as problem areas.


◆Subcommittee 3   Multicultural Coexistence / Social Integration

Studies of migration policy tend to focus on the management side of immigration, however this subcommittee will largely investigate and compile information on present status and issues regarding what happens after a country has accepted migrant workers/immigrants, looking at services provided to these individuals by local governments and NPOs as part of their “social integration policy” or “Multicultural coexistence conductance policy”. To obtain this information, the subcommittee will examine eight locations around Japan. These studies should illuminate the needs of foreign residents as well as the services that are provided by government, NGOs and NPOs. However, as these factors will vary depending on the attributes of long-term residents, their employment status and local policy, it will be possible to make several representative models, namely, 1) a central city model, 2) a suburban model, 3) a densely populated region model, and 4) a mid-mountain region model. Through fact-finding surveys in the abovementioned areas, the subcommittee will aim to build a regional management model.


Initiatives planned for 2009 onwards

In the second year of the project and in subsequent years, investigation and research will be carried out on more specific themes. Subcommittee 1 will carry out detailed analysis of agriculture and other industry sectors that have not been sufficiently clarified to date. At the same time, quantitative analysis will be carried out for use in simulations to examine the effects on Japanese society of introducing migrant workers. By so doing, both quantitative and qualitative approaches will be used to research the impact of migrant workers. Subcommittee 2 will continue investigation of country-by-country differences in managed migration policy, paying particular attention to regions that transcend national boundaries. The demarcation of the EU is a new factor that defines migration in Europe; however, in Asia, ASEAN is rapidly becoming integrated and therefore provides an excellent model for examining what effects integration of a given region has on migration within that region. . Subcommittee 2 will investigate the effects of regional integration on international migration. Subcommittee 3 will examine several case studies of regions in Germany to investigate whether the multicultural coexistence model created in project year 1 can be applied to other countries. These case studies will allow a country-by-country comparison of the role of local governments and the private sector.

(for print)

Workshop program [2008年12月10日(Wed)]
Thursday, January 15

10:00-10:10 Opening Remarks
  HANYU Jiro,Chairman, The Sasakawa Peace Foundation

10:10-10:30  Introduction 
  ISHI Hiroyuki , Professor, University of Agriculture, Tokyo, Chairman of the Project Committee

10:30-10:50 Keynote speech
  ASATO Wako, Associate Professor of Sociology Graduate School of Letters, Kyoto University,
  Senior Research Fellow for the Sasakawa Peace Foundation

10:50-12:50
◆Session I: Issues on scheme under EPA

SUN Won Suk, Lecturer, Faculty of Policy Studies, Chuo University
  “Has Japan opened labor market for nurses/careworkers?: reviewing EPA schemes”

GOTO Junichi, Professor, Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University
  “Rethinking Labor market in an ageing era and foreign workers”

Ada C. H. Cheng, Australian Nursing Home Foundation Ltd.
  “Communication and management under multi-cultural settings: how to build up good working environment”

Moderator: TAMURA Taro, Representative, Institute for Human Diversity Japan

(Question and Answers)

14:30-16:30
◆Session II: Dialogue with Sending Countries

HOSODA Naomi, Researcher, Center for Southeast Asian Studies Kyoto University
  “Filipinos in Global Migration: From the Local Viewpoint”

Achir Yani Syuhaimie Hamid, Indonesian National Nurses Association, University of Indonesia
  “Situation of nursing in Indonesia and migration”

Fely Marilyn E. Lorenzo, University of the Philippines
  “Commencing Global Exchange of Health Human Resource: toward mutually beneficial relationship”

Moderator: AKASHI Junichi, Assistant Professor, Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, University of Tsukuba

(Coffee break)

16:45-17:15  Discussion
Host: OGAWA Takeo,Professor, Graduate School of Health & Welfare, Yamaguchi Prefectural University

17:30-19:30  Reception Dinners


Friday, January 16

10:00-12:00
◆Session III: Management of foreign nurses/careworkers from overseas experiences

CUI Lin Xiang, Tapei City Silver Community Service Association
  “Introduction of foreign careworker and management: experience of trial and error”

Letticia Chua, Apex Harmony Lodge
  “Education and Management”

Lim Swee Hia, Singapore General Hospital
  “Striding forward together to improve the cross-cultural management for nurses in Singapore”

CAI Pei Zhen, Labor Bureau of Taipei City
  “Protecting Foreign Workers: Problems and Role of Local Government in Taiwan”

Moderator: IKEGAMI Kiyoko, Director, United Nations Population Fund Tokyo Office

(Question and Answers)

13:30-16:00
◆Session IV : Experience of Japan

YOSHIDA Mika, Special nursing home Seifuen
  “How to cope well with Filipino careworkers in Japan”

TAKEUCHI Misako, Sodegaura Satsukidai Hospital
   “Collaborating with Foreign Nurses: from the Experience of Working with Vietnamese Nurses”

HARUHARA Kenichiro (AOTS)

Elsi Dwi Hapsari (Indonesian nurse)

Moderator: OGAWA Takeo

(Coffee break)

16:15-16:55 General Discussion   Host: ASATO Wako

16:55-17:00 Concluding Remarks
  CHANO Junko, Executive Directors, The Sasakawa Peace Foundation